For the next few years Line 1 operations ran smoothly. With Japan's ODA amounting to 75 billion yen in total, the construction of Line 2 began in the s, and the first section of the line, from Santolan to Araneta Center-Cubao, was opened on April 5, Automated fare collection systems using magnetic stripe plastic tickets were installed; air-conditioned trains added; pedestrian walkways between Lines 1, 2, and 3 were completed.
Most Line 1 stations are composed of only one level, accessible from the street below by stairway, containing the station's concourse and platform areas separated by fare gates. Fare gates separate the concourse level from the stairs and escalators that provide access to the platform level. All stations have side platforms except for Baclaran, which has one side and one island platform , and Santolan, which has an island platform.
Originally, Line 1 was not built with accessibility in mind. This is reflected in the Line 1's lack of barrier-free facilities such as escalators and elevators. It is also inconvenient in other ways: for one, because of the use of side platforms, passengers wishing to access the other platform for the train bound in the opposite direction at single-level Line 1 stations need to exit the station and by extension, the system and pay a new fare.
The newer Line 2, unlike its counterpart, is designed to be barrier-free and allows seamless transfer between platforms. Built by a joint venture between Hanjin and Itochu , Line 2 stations have wheelchair ramps, braille markings, and pathfinding embossed flooring leading to and from the boarding platforms in addition to escalators and elevators. Four types of rolling stock run on the system, with three types used on Line 1 and another used on Line 2.
The Line 1 have begun using wrap advertising as well initially for their second-generation trains, followed by their third-generation trains. Line 1 at various stages in its history has used a two-car, three-car, and four-car train. The two-car trains are the original first-generation BN trains railway cars numbered from Most were transformed into three-car trains, although a lot of two-car trains remain in service.
One train car was severely damaged in the Rizal Day bombings and was subsequently decommissioned. The line's trains also feature air conditioning, driverless automatic train operation from the Operations Control Center OCC in Santolan, low-noise control, enabled electric and regenerative braking , and closed-circuit television inside the trains. The system has always presented itself as a safe system to travel on, and despite some incidents a World Bank paper prepared by Halcrow deemed the running of metro rail transit operations overall as "good".
Security guards with megaphones can be seen at boarding areas asking crowds to move back from the warning tiles at the edge of platforms to avoid falling onto the tracks. Smoking, previously banned only at station platforms and inside trains, has been banned at station concourse areas since June 24, In response to the Rizal Day bombings , a series of attacks on December 30, that included the bombing of a Line 1 train among other targets, and in the wake of greater awareness of terrorism following the September 11 attacks , security has been stepped up on board the system.
The Philippine National Police has a special police force assigned at both lines. Closed-circuit televisions have been installed to monitor stations and keep track of suspicious activities. Those who refuse to submit to such inspection may be denied entry.
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Those who make such threats can face penalties in violation of Presidential Decree No. To address concerns of inappropriate contact on crowded trains, the first coach of Yellow Line trains have been designated for females only. The Manila Light Rail Transit System is one of the least expensive rapid transit systems in Southeast Asia , costing significantly less to ride than other systems in the region.
This is also the case on the Yellow Line when changing boarding platforms to catch trains going in the opposite direction. The Line 1 uses two different fare structures: one for single journey cards and another for stored value Beep cards. Stored value Beep cards are also charged depending on the distance traveled in kilometers, but on a more finely graduated basis.
Before , passengers on Line 1 would purchase a token to enter the station. Subsequent upgrades in the fare collection system eventually transitioned the Yellow Line from a token-based system to a ticket-based system, with full conversion to a ticket-based system achieved on September 9, Passengers can enter the system paid areas with either a single journey or stored value Beep Card. Beep is a reloadable contactless smart card aimed to be a replacement for the magnetic card-based system in paying rail based rapid transit transportation fares in and around Metro Manila.
Beep is also aimed to be used in lieu of cash in some convenience stores and other businesses. Tickets would normally bear a picture of the incumbent president , though some ticket designs have done away with this practice. Single journey tickets are only valid on the day of purchase and will be unusable afterward. They expire if not used to exit the same station after 30 minutes from entry or if not used to exit the system after minutes from entry.
If the ticket expires, the passenger will be required to buy a new one. Stored value tickets are usable on both lines although a new fare will be charged when transferring from one line to the other. To reduce ticket queues, the LRTA is promoting the use of stored value tickets. They expire six months after the date of first use. Tickets are used both to enter and exit the paid area of the system.
A ticket inserted into a fare gate at the station of origin is processed and then ejected allowing a passenger through the turnstile. The ejected ticket is then retrieved while passing through so that it can be used at the exit turnstile at the destination station to leave the premises. Tickets are captured by the exit turnstiles to be reused by the system if they no longer have any value.
If it is a stored value ticket with some value remaining, however, it is once again ejected by the fare gate to be taken by the passenger for future use. The pass consisted of two parts: the Flash Pass card and the Flash Pass coupon. To obtain a card, a passenger needed to visit a designated station and fill out an application form. Although the card is issued free of charge and contains no expiry date, it is expected to be issued only once.
Should it be lost, an affidavit of loss had to be submitted before a replacement can be issued. The Flash Pass coupon, which served as a ticket, was linked to the passenger's Flash Pass card through the card number printed on the coupon.
Plans for expanding the LRTA network have been formulated throughout its history and successive administrations have touted trains as one of the keys to relieving Metro Manila of its long-standing traffic problems. A south extension of Line 1 is planned. An unsolicited bid to build and operate this project from Canada's SNC-Lavalin was rejected by the Philippine government in As of March , the government announced that the P60 billion Line 1 south extension project has already been approved by the National Economic and Development Authority NEDA with the bidding expected to take place by the end of March or early April The LRTA is also currently conducting studies on the feasibility of a 6.
Funding for the project could be sourced from either official development assistance or a public-private partnership. Meanwhile, Line 2 is being extended by 4-kilometers 2. Line 4 , or the Ortigas—Taytay Line, is a proposed kilometre 6. This project was approved last June and will be implemented as a public-private partnership project. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Beep smart card.
A sample of a Line 2 single journey ticket showing its front above and back below side. Light Rail Transit Authority.acanpaycoumsi.gq/2494-how-to-use.php
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Retrieved January 19, March 22, Retrieved March 24, Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on October 23, Retrieved October 23, Archived from the original PDF on July 8, Retrieved January 15, Appropriate Mass Transit in Developing Cities. Manila light rail transit — Purple Line.
Retrieved May 16, from Halcrow Website. July 15, The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on January 31, Retrieved January 18, Retrieved April 7, Retrieved March 11, De la Torre, Visitacion Landmarks of Manila, Manila: Filipinas Foundation. El folk-lore Filipino. University of the Philippines Press. Makati: Filipinas Foundation. June Japan Railway and Transport Review. Archived from the original PDF on May 5, Retrieved May 8, November 10, Meralco company website. Archived from the original on September 18, Archived from the original on August 25, Retrieved October 7, Approved: June 14, Republic Act No.
Enacted: October 4, July 12, Archived from the original on May 19, Archived from the original PDF on August 24, Retrieved December 15, Railway Technology. Retrieved January 14, JICA official page. December 31, The Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved March 14, January 23, GMA News. October 28, People's Journal. Archived from the original on March 8, April 24, Light Rail Manila Corporation. Retrieved September 13, Retrieved March 13, August 21, Retrieved March 26, from the World Bank Website.
December 25, Archived from the original on June 29, Retrieved December 25, August 2, Archived from the original on December 29, KS World. Kinki Sharyo. Retrieved February 17, from the Marubeni Philippines Website. Retrieved March 8, from the Kinki Sharyo Website. March 9, Archived from the original on April 24, December 7, Retrieved February 7, Total Rail Systems Division. Editor's Pick Display offer. Display offer. HP knows the needs of gamers from casual players to elite, competitive professionals, and HP delivers only the best rigs equipped with the latest Intel Core i5 or i7 processors, up to 16GB of RAM, and displays with crisp, accurate color for laptops.
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